Network tools for Windows
If you want to get all the information about your current network connection in an easy to read textual format you should learn how to use ipconfig.exe tool. It is a powerful and at the same time easy to use tool.
To run it you need to first launch Command Prompt. On older Windows versions (before 8) this could be done from Start menu: select Run... then type cmd.exe and press Enter. On newer Windows versions (8 or newer) you can just type cmd.exe in search and select Command Prompt result.
In Command Prompt window type ipconfig /a. This will give you information about all network connections on your computer. Below you will find a list of fields which are shown for each network connection and what they mean.
Default gateway - This field contains IP address of your router. That's an address you need to type in your browser address bar to get to your router administrative interface
DHCP Enabled - If set to YES your router will automatically assign IP addresses to all devices on the network. If NO then every device need to have a predefined IP address. Typically it is set to YES for small home and business networks.
Description - network connection name
IPv6 address - Current device IP in IPv6 address space.
IPv4 address - Current device IP. This is an address other devices on the network will use to connect to your current device.
DHCP server - address of DHCP server. This is a server which automatically assigns IP addresses to devices on the network. Typically it will be address of your router.
Subnet mask - defines what IP addresses could be used by devices in your network.
Physical address - an address uniquely identifying your network card and computer.